Black Market Billions: How Organized Retail Crime Funds Global Terrorists (Gal Zentner's Library)

Black Market Billions: How Organized Retail Crime Funds Global Terrorists (Gal Zentner's Library) by Hitha Prabhakar Read Free Book Online

Book: Black Market Billions: How Organized Retail Crime Funds Global Terrorists (Gal Zentner's Library) by Hitha Prabhakar Read Free Book Online
Authors: Hitha Prabhakar
while it controls areas that have been declared famine zones since 2011. Several Western governments and security services have designated al Shabaab as a terrorist organization. It has been described as having ties to al Qaeda, which its leaders denied as of early 2010.
ARAPA
Albuquerque Retail Assets Protection Association. Karen Fischer is the brains behind ARAPA, the partnership which builds “local trust”for law enforcement and Albuquerque police to feel comfortable in exchanging information on incidents. Trust building on a local level allows personnel from both sides to feel comfortable in opening the door to proactive, public-private collaboration. It is also what LAAORCA is based on.
aspirational shopper
Someone who occasionally splurges on a purchase of an expensive handbag, a pair of shoes, or a piece of clothing to feel and seem the same as those who can regularly buy such goods.
BAD-CATS (Burglary Auto Detail, Commercial Auto Thefts)
The Los Angeles police department cargo theft squad.
Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) of 1970
Also known as the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act. Requires U.S. financial institutions to assist U.S. government agencies to detect and prevent money laundering. Specifically, the act requires financial institutions to keep records of cash purchases of negotiable instruments, to file reports of cash transactions exceeding $10,000 (daily aggregate amount), and to report suspicious activity that might indicate money laundering, tax evasion, or other criminal activities. It was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1970. The BSA is sometimes called an anti-money laundering (AML) law.
BAORCA (Bay Area Organized Retail Crime Association)
San Francisco’s organized retail crime database system, modeled after Los Angeles’ LAAORCA.
Bertelsmann Transformation Index (BTI)
An international ranking of 125 developing and transition countries. It considers the political and economic status of each country and the political management performance by the relevant actors by publishing two rankings, the Status Index and the Management Index.
Bloods
A street gang founded in Los Angeles, California, widely known for its rivalry with the Crips.
booster
Someone who steals merchandise from stores. Also known as a runner .
A Level 1 booster fits the image of a typical shoplifter—an emotionally needy starlet, the little old lady across the hall, the neighborhood heroin addict. The person usually has a drug, gambling, or alcohol addiction and steals to fund fixes. The Level 1 booster may steal on her own or in a group.
A Level 2 booster is more organized, tends to travel to different states, and takes an entrepreneurial approach to boosting by creating a small business out of it. Level 2 boosters work in groups of two or three people made up of a man and two women or all women. They coordinate a hit on a store that takes three or four minutes, stealing anywhere from a couple items all the way up to a hundred items (if they are stealing OTC drugs). Because Level 2 boosters operate in a group, their mission is to pull as many products as possible in a short amount of time and then later sell them.
A Level 3 booster is tactical and strategic, having boosted for many years. He now runs a larger organization that recruits Level 1 and Level 2 boosters. Most Level 3 fences make profits of $2.5 to $18 million, according to the NRF and RILA. Level 3 fences and boosters include all races and involve international organized criminals, gangs, Nigerian criminal enterprises, Irish travelers, and traditional mobsters such as La Cosa Nostra. Level 3 boosters organize at a high level, have a tight and organized network, and tend to send much of their profits to support overseas terrorist groups in Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, Ireland, or Italy.
booster bag
A common tool that Level 2 and Level 3 boosters use. It is made from an actual store bag taken from a prior boosting hit or obtained througha legitimate purchase.

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