Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology by Timothy Darvill Read Free Book Online

Book: Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology by Timothy Darvill Read Free Book Online
Authors: Timothy Darvill
weighted stock at the end of which is one or more hooks. Different types of anchor are needed for different types of sea-bed.
     
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    anchorite [De].
    A hermit.
     
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    anchor ornament [Ar].
    An anchor-shaped ceramic object with a perforation through the shank. Widespread in the early Bronze Age of Greece and slightly later in Sicily and Malta.
     
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    ancient cottage [Ge].
    A cottage having long-established rights of common. After the 17th century, newly established cottages had fewer or no rights.
     
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    Ancient Monument [Le].
    Although generally referring to recognized archaeological sites and ancient structures, this term also has a specific legal meaning set out in Section 61(12) of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 (AMAAA) for England, Wales, and Scotland. Here ‘Ancient Monuments’ are either SCHEDULED Monuments or ‘any other MONUMENT which in the opinion of the Secretary of State is of public interest by reason of the historic, architectural, traditional, artistic, or archaeological interest attaching to it’. Section 33(8) of the National Heritage Act 1983 also defines the term Ancient Monument with reference to the work of English Heritage as: ‘any structure, work, site, garden or area which in the Commission's opinion is of historic, architectural, traditional, artistic or archaeological interest’.
     
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    Ancient Monuments Advisory Committee (AMAC) [Or].
    A small committee of archaeologists established by the Commissioners of English Heritage to provide counsel on matters relating to archaeology and the work of the Commission.
     
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    Andernach Grit [De].
    See NIEDERMENDIG LAVA .
     
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    Andersson , John Gunnar (1874–1960) [Bi].
    A Swedish geologist who in 1921, while working in China, demonstrated for the first time the presence of prehistoric settlement in the country. He is credited with the discovery of Homo erectus remains at Zhoukoudian during his excavation there between 1921 and 1926, and also the identification of the Neolithic painted pottery sites.
[Not.: G. Daniel , 1950, One hundred years of Archaeology . London: Duckworth 267–8]
     
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    Andjety [Di].
    Egyptian god Busiris whose symbols, the crook and the flail, were incorporated into the iconography of Osiris.
     
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    Andrai , Walter (1875–1956) [Bi].
    German archaeologist and prehistorian who undertook large-scale excavations at the city of Assur, Iraq, between 1903 and 1914.
[Not.: G. Daniel , 1950, One hundred years of Archaeology . London, Duckworth, 199–200]
     
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    Andronovo Culture [CP].
    Bronze Age communities living in western Siberia, Russia, and adjacent parts of Kazakhstan in the period 1500–800 bc , which were closely involved with the exploitation of copper ores in the Altai Mountains. Named after the settlement site of Andronovo in Siberia, typical villages of the culture consist of up to ten large semi-subterranean houses of log-cabin-type construction, each anything up to 30m by 60m in extent. Burials were made either in stone cists or stone enclosures with underground timber chambers. The Andronovo Culture was succeeded by the KARASUK CULTURE .
     
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    Angles [CP].
    A Germanic people who originated on the Baltic coastlands of Jutland.
     
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    Anglian Stage [CP].
    A group of deposits representing a geostratigraphic stage within the PLEISTOCENE series of the British QUATERNARY system, mainly found in East Anglia and dating to between 450000 and 300000 years ago. The Anglian Stage is generally seen as a full glacial phase, the deposits stratigraphically overlying CROMERIAN INTERGLACIAL material and below HOXNIAN interglacial deposits. Formerly known as the Lowestoft glaciation.

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